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    23 Mar 2017

    MetaSploit tutorial for beginners

    kali linux



    This MetaSploit tutorial for beginners is to be a starting guide for how to use MetaSploit. It assumes that you already have MetaSploit installed, or that you are running Kali / backtrack Linux.
    The basic concept of how to use MetaSploit:
    – Run msfconsole
    – Identify a remote host
    – Pick a vulnerability and use an exploit
    – Configure the exploit
    – Execute the payload against the remote host
    Once you have mastered this pattern, you can do most things within Metasploit. As this is a MetaSploit tutorial for beginners, I’ll walk you through the steps.

    Start the database service

    In Kali Linux Terminal:
    service postgreqsl start
    msfconsole
    
    or using the menus:
    MetaSploit tutorial for beginnersMetaSploit tutorial for beginnersExploitation tools > Metasploit
    You will meet with the following:
    MetaSploit tutorial for beginners
    This is msfconsole. Msfconsole is the main interface to MetaSploit. There are GUI interfaces (armitage), and a web interface too (websploit). With msfconsole, you can launch exploits, create listeners, configure payloads etc.

    Getting help

    MetaSploit has lots of great documentation built in. Type help to get a basic list of commands.
    help show
    Will give you the help section for the show command.
    help search
    Will give you the help section for the search command.
    If you get the error ‘Database not connected or cache not built’ use ‘db_status’ to see if the database connected. if not, start the database (instructions above) and re-start msfconsole. If ‘db_status’ reports ‘connected’ then run the ‘db_rebuild_cache’ command to rebuild your database cache.

    Identify a remote host

    You can run nmap inside msfconsole and save its output into the MetaSploit database.
    db_nmap -v -sV host_or_network_to_scan
    MetaSploit tutorial for beginners
    This is a handy way to get an initial list of hosts on your network. To show a list of all available port scanners:
    search port-scan
    More examples of port-scanning into the MetaSploit database are here:
    To list all the hosts found by nmap:
    hosts
    To add these hosts to your list of remote targets
    hosts -R

    Pick a vulnerability and use an exploit

    Once you know what your remote hosts system is (nmap, lynix, maltego, wp-scan, etc) you can pick an exploit to test. rapid7 have an easy way to find exploits. There is also a way to search within msfconsole for various exploits:
    search type:exploit
    search CVE-XXXX-XXXX
    search cve:2014
    search name:wordpress
    
    See metasploit unleashed for more examples of the search command
    metasploit tutorial for beginners
    Once you have decided on an exploit to use, issue the following command into msfconsole:
    use exploit/path/to/exploit_name
    eg: use exploit/unix/webapp/php_wordpress_total_cache
    From this point on, the available options change based on the exploit you are using, but you can get a list of the available options with:
    show payloads
    For a list of the available targets:
    show targets
    metasploit tutorial for beginners

    Configure the exploit

    In MetaSploit each exploit has a set of options to configure for your remote host:
    show options
    This gives a list. You need to set the options with ‘yes’ next to them.
    set RHOST 192.168.0.15
    If you issues the ‘hosts -R’ command then you will see that the remote hosts parameters are already filled in for you.

    Execute the exploit against the remote host

    run
    or
    exploit
    If successful, you’ll know. If not, then try again with a different exploit ;)


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